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Coupling: N = Online, F = Offline
Mode: x = Comprehensive, - = Heart-cut
Modulation: P = Passive modulation (empty loops), A = Active-Solvent Modulation (ASM), E = Evaporation membrane, S = Active stationary-phase assisted modulation (SPAM), V = Vacuum-evaporation modulation (VEM), M = Manual modulation, N = No modulation.
Detection: CAD = charged-aerosol detection, ELSD = evaporative light-scattering detection, FLD = fluorescence detection, LS = light scattering, MS = mass spectrometry, RID = refractive-index detection, VI = viscometry. LS, RID, and VI are typically combined to obtain “triple detection”.